1. Due to traditional Romanian Deadlift’s (RDL) front loaded nature and the long lever arms, improper form is common and can be debilitating for lower back pain and serious lumbar injury.
2. With the necessary muscle building loads remaining near maximal, and the negative lumbar shear forces reduced, the trap-bar once again provides the best of both worlds.
3. Start slow when first introducing this movement into your programing, it can cause some serious muscle soreness due to it’s amazing effectiveness in the hamstrings and glutes!
The Problem With The Traditional RDL
The traditional Barbell Romanian Deadlift has been a huge topic of discussion throughout the strength and rehabilitation world in recent times. Due to it’s front loaded nature (the bar in front of your body when the movement is performed) and the long lever arms your torso and upper extremities create with respect to the load being moved, improper form can be debilitating for lower back pain and serious lumbar injury.
Even with an increased risk of injury, the RDL remains one of the most effective tools to build a strong and powerful posterior chain (hamstrings and glutes). When looking for the edge in training, while still maintaining your health and function that will strongly translate to the playing field and your everyday life, focus on the trap-bar RDL. With the necessary muscle building loads remaining near maximal, and the negative lumbar shear forces reduced, the trap-bar once again provides the best of both worlds.
All About That Center of Mass
The beauty of the trap-bar is it allows a very advantageous center of mass. The load is literally centered directly under your base of support, making this position more stable, and more joint friendly. That being said, you must execute the trap-bar RDL properly in order to gain any benefit from the variation in the implement!
The basic setup of the trap-bar RDL is very similar to the trap-bar deadlift. In case both of these variations are brand new, here’s a few tips for basic setup of the trap-bar deadlift:
Feet shoulder width apart (power position)
Ankles in line with the middle of the trap-bar
Tension upper body (squeeze those armpits!) and spine into neutral
Assume a 90 degree hip position, and a 45-55 degree knee position
Rhythmically explode the load up, maintaining neutral spine at all times
Trap Bar Deadlift vs. Trap Bar Romanian Deadlift
There are a few primary differences between the trap-bar deadlift and the trap-bar RDL:
Tempo and rhythm
Contraction type and concentration
The trap-bar RDL is started off the ground, with the body in a neutral position. From there, the spine and torso remains in a neutral and tensioned position. The load is slowly controlled down towards the ground, putting a strong concentration on an eccentric (muscle lengthening) contraction. During the lowering and lockout phase to return back into the neutral starting position, the knees will maintain a 10-15 degree bend, throwing the focus largely on the foundational hip hinge pattern.
Start slow when first introducing this movement into your programing. Due to the eccentric focus of this movement, newbies can create a huge amount of DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness) after just a few sets of light weight. Focus on form, and build your numbers slowly. Earn the right to move on up!
REST: 45-60 sec
About The Author
Dr. John Rusin is an internationally recognized sports performance specialist, physical therapist, who has worked with some of the world’s most elite athletes, including Gold Medalist Olympians, NFL All-Pro Quarterbacks, MLB All-Stars, Professional Bodybuilders, World-Record Holding Powerlifters and All-World IronMan Triathletes.